Rugs have been a significant part of the textile industry for centuries, and they continue to be an essential element in home decor. The Konya region in Turkey has a rich tradition of rug weaving, and several towns in the area are known for producing high-quality rugs. These towns include Ilgın-Yukarı Çiğil, Karaköy, Alibeyhüyuğu, Akören, Nuzumla, Karapınar-Yenikuyu, Hadim-Korualan, Çukurçimen, Kavak, and Kadınhanı-Saçkara.
Although rug weaving is not as popular as it once was, the Konya region has a long history of producing rugs using different techniques. The weft interlocking technique is used to create single-color or multi-colored stripes, while the hooked rug technique is used to make patterned rugs. Other techniques employed in the plain weavings of the region include cicim-cecim, zili-sili, and sumak weavings.
One of the most common types of rugs woven in the Konya region is the prayer rug. These rugs typically have a mihrab, which points in the direction of the Kaaba. The background of these rugs is divided into horizontal and vertical sections and decorated with motifs such as mihrab or belly.
Rugs with medallions or tops are another popular type of rug produced in the Konya region. The number of medallions varies depending on the size of the rug, and they are usually rhombus or hexagonal shaped forms. The medallion pattern is typically surrounded by thin or thick borders.
The Konya region is known for its unique motifs, which are given local names such as nakış, yanış, and oyu. Many of these motifs are derived from private collections and museums and are still employed in the carpets made in today's Konya.
In conclusion, the Konya region in Turkey has a rich tradition of rug weaving, and several towns in the area are known for producing high-quality rugs. Although rug weaving is not as popular as it once was, the techniques and motifs used in the Konya region continue to influence the textile industry today.