Monday, 28 November 2022
Konya's 4,000-year-old Seal

Konya's 4,000-year-old Seal

Former historian Hasan Bahar, who tells about "Pre-Byzantine Konya" in the Wisdom Science and Art Association, said that the double-headed eagle, which is the symbol of Konya and some institutions, BC. He said that it was used in seals found in Karahöyük around 4000 BC.

Prof. Dr. Hasan Bahar, who explained "Pre-Byzantine Konya" at the Hikmet Science and Art Association, said that Konya used to be an inner lake and that people migrated to high places in groups with the overflow of the lake from time to time.

Prof. Dr. Hasan Bahar, Head of the Department of Ancient History, Department of History, Faculty of Letters, Selcuk University, expressed the Konya of the Hittite, Phrygian, Lydian, Persian, Hellenistic and Roman periods from the Chalcolithic Age to the Neolithic Age. Historian-writer Hasan Bahar, who started his conversation from the center of Konya, said: "Konya is a province with more than many state geographies and populations. Therefore, when we look at the historical past, I divided it into seven regions while examining it in itself. Each region has its own characteristics. The place where the central Konya Lake bowl is located is known as "Ikkuwaniya" in ancient times. The area around Hadim is known as "Isaura" in ancient times, and the area around Seydişehir and Beyşehir lakes is known as "Pisidya" in antiquity. Ereğli-Karapınar is a part of the region known as "Cappadocia". Cihanbeyli is part of a region known as Galadya. Sarayönü, Kadınhanı, Akşehir region were also known as Phrygia in ancient times.


In fact, the Hittites made the first distinction from region to region. They called Konya "Ikkuwaniya" as a Luwian name. Later, the Greeks coined the name "Iconia". As we say let's put one of the two flying dervishes described as menkibe, and the other one says "kon" or "nationalize". The floor height of Konya Lake is about 1 meter. The height of the lake 13 thousand years ago is estimated at 15 meters. Konya is a place formerly known as the lake bowl. This lake is around 5 km from Ismil. to the east there are sand dunes. The old lake has made a shore there. Stone tools were found there. In Akşehir/Tuzlukçu, stone tools made of 9,000-year-old flint were revealed.


About 650 seals were found in Karahöyük, the largest village in Konya and Central Anatolia. On these seals, double-headed eagles, the symbol of Konya, appeared. These are seal prints from around 4000 BC. Among another interesting landmarks of Karahöyük was the bathtub belonging to the palace.


There is Meke Lake in Karapınar. It is named after a bird called Meke.  In my investigations, I saw that during the Hellenistic Roman period, salt was obtained from here. During the Ottoman period, salt was also obtained. In Taşkent there is a 2,000-year-old Memorial Juniper Tree from the Roman period. There is a Hittite dam in Köylütolu near Ilgın-Kadınhanı. When I measured this dam, it was 900 meters. The Hitit Water Dam, which is nine meters long and 50 meters high, is known as the earliest dam in Anatolia."


Historian Bahar, who compared the picture of the mountain with the volcano eruption in Çatalhöyük, known as the first map of the world, drawn on a wall in Çatalhöyük with the photograph of Takkeli Mountain, said, "They call the mountain in this picture Hasan Mountain. But Hasan Mountain is 90 km from Konya. I think this is Montenegro. It's a hole in the middle. 20 km to Çatalhöyük. Montenegro is even visible from the campus," he said.