Saturday, 02 December 2023
Caravanserais in Konya; Kizilören Inn

Caravanserais in Konya; Kizilören Inn

Kizilören Inn It is on the Konya-Beyşehir route and is also known as "Yazıönü Inn". It was built in two building masses consisting of a courtyard and a closed/shelter section on a rectangular planned residence area extending in a north-west south-east direction. The exterior walls of the courtyard are supported by an octagonal prisma corner tower at the corners of the façade and two buttresses with square prisma forms in the middle of the side façade and in the east and south corners.

The north-west façade of the inn was designed as a three-part and extraordinary structure attached to the façade as a magnificent mass. The entrance section of the ground floor, which is located in the middle of the façade and connects the exterior space with the courtyard in the form of an iwan foundation covered with flattened vault, opens to the façade through the eyes of an arch of the same form. The square-planned area adjacent to the section from the north wing was built as a canopy foundation formed by pointed arches thrown between the two L-plan free legs on the front façade and the two recessed legs on the wall, and is covered with a cross vault. The remains of the south-eastern wall adjacent to the courtyard explain the presence of a fountain niche on the wall. The room, which has a square plan and is covered with a pointed barrel vault adjacent to the entrance section in the south direction, is directly connected to the courtyard. The upper floor of the building is accessed from the courtyard, which is included with the flattened arched door opening in the south-east wall of the entrance section, and by two separate stairs with single arms and intermediate shelves on the back side of the said wall. The fact that the rectangular planned and cross-vaulted space on the north wing serves as a masjid is also understood from the stone altar on the qibla wall. The niche of the mihrab, which is enclosed in a rectangular frame surrounded from the sides and top with deletions of different widths and profiles, has a semicircular plan and is covered with a “kavsaray” in the form of an oyster shell. The two rooms adjacent to the masjid, which have a rectangular plan and are covered with a pointed barrel vault, are included through the door of the room in the south wing; Both rooms are connected by a door on the partition wall.

The courtyard, which runs in a north-west south-east direction, is a rectangular area surrounded by spaces along its long sides. The courtyard is surrounded by four iwans extending in a north-east-south-west direction and covered with pointed barrel vaults placed opposite each other. It is noteworthy that the opposite iwans in the east and south corners adjacent to the wall of the closed/shelter section of the courtyard are connected to a rectangular room covered by a pointed barrel vault placed on the outer corners of the inn. Both rooms, which have no windows, are likely to have been the storage spaces of the inn, which served as pantry. The crown door of the closed/shelter section, which forms the south-east wing of the inn, consists of a rectangular mass that rises beyond the outward flooding and façade walls in the middle of its façade facing the courtyard; The crown door niche, which is surrounded from the sides and top by wipes and curbs left untreated simply, has a simple arrangement from the point of view of the pointed arch. The enclosed/shelter section of the crown door, which is included with the flattened arched door opening, is a rectangular planned space extending in a north-west south-east direction; three sahnas, covered with pointed barrel vaults, were partitioned by means of a total of ten square feet connected to each other by pointed arches. The middle side is wider and higher.

In the construction of the inn, smooth cutting and rough stones were used. There is no construction inscription; The four-line inscription with marble ornament, which is known to have been found in the crown door of the shelter section/closed to the mid-1980s, does not exist today. As far as it is determined in the 1960s, it is understood from the inscription in question that the inn was built during the reign of the Seljuk Sultan Gıyâseddîn Keyhüsrev I and by Emîr Kandemir in August/September 1206.